Learning Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Techniques
Practicing bjj moves to dominate an opponent or defend yourself from an attacker has become one of the main focuses in the martial arts community. Many martial artists have realized the importance of developing their grappling skills to compliment the striking arts. The number of people participating in Brazilian jiu jitsu training has been increasing since the early part of the twentieth century when the discipline was first introduced to Brazil. Over the past two decades in particular, Brazilian jiu-jitsu academies have seen tremendous growth as people have witnessed the power of this martial art in tournaments, like the Ultimate Fighting Championship where the Gracie family dominated the competition.
A Short History of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?
Jiu jitsu (jujutsu) is a traditional martial art that was developed in Japan that encompassed all aspects of fighting arts such as striking, joint locks, throws, chokes and weapons. There are still many different styles of traditional jujutsu that are taught today. One of the more popular styles was Kano Jujutsu or otherwise known today as Judo. With the rising popularity of Judo, it’s founder Jigoro Kano decided to spread Judo through out the world by sending teachers to other countries. Mitsuyo Maeda was one of the top groundwork instructors in Judo and eventually ended up in Brazil and became the teacher of Carlos and Helio Gracie. The Gracie name would eventually become well known due to the efficiency of the groundwork techniques that Helio focused on. Gracie jiu jitsu would later rapidly spread across the world after their success in no holds barred competitions such as the UFC.
What Is Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?
Considered by many to be one of the most effective forms of self defense, Bjj is a primarily a grappling art that focuses heavily on ground submissions such as joint locks and chokes, and to a lesser degree it also incorporates throws, take downs and striking techniques as well. Practitioners typically where a uniform called a “gi” to train in, although it is not uncommon for many to prefer to train without the use of the uniform which is called “no gi”. The main concept of the art is to take your opponent to the ground, where a smaller more experienced grappler can mitigate the strengths of a larger opponent by using strategic positioning and leverage against him.
Competitions are a big part of the sporting aspect of jiu jitsu. There is no striking involved during competitions and the large majority of the points that can be scored in a match happen on the ground. The International Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Federation is one of the more well known for profit organizations for the sport. It hosts many tournaments around the world so that students can test their skills in a safe environment and to help promote the art.
How Most BJJ Classes Are Structured
Before you start learning Brazilian Jiu Jitsu techniques in class, as with advanced training and most forms of structured physical activities, will almost always begin with some form of a warm-up. If you are new to jiu jitsu, then the instructor will most likely focus on a lighter warm-up session. A lighter session will usually involve some basic exercises like push-ups and sit-ups, and perhaps laps around the gym. Stretching also happens once your body has warmed up a bit. A heavier warm-up would be longer and really designed to break a sweat and help you with conditioning for endurance.
After the warm-up, the next part of Brazilian jiu jitsu training usually focuses on techniques. Certain moves will be chosen by the instructor and broken apart so that students can perfect each stage. Mistakes are ironed out at this point, and the instructor will try to spend time with each student to make sure things are being done properly. More experienced students are often paired with newer ones, so that the former can assist the latter. This is especially important in larger classes where the instructor can hardly give everyone personal training at the same time.
After the warm-up and the practice part of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu moves comes the hands-on fighting. When you have a partner working with you, BJJ techniques are easier to execute and fighters can become complacent and over confident. By including a sparring session at the end of a lesson, students will need to apply their newly learned techniques against an opponent who will not know what their next move will be, and who will not be so willing to let them win.
No two training sessions will be the same; the moves you learn will vary depending on the class, but the general principles will be the same in terms of how the class is structured. You will be given time to get your body ready for the workout, you will have time to learn and practice different techniques, and finally you can apply what you’ve learned in a realistic fighting situation. Jiu-jitsu academies across North America will all give you the chance to learn martial art techniques in a controlled environment, and you will hopefully have fun doing so as well.